Botconf Author Listing

Evgeny Sidorov

Last known affiliation: Yandex LLC

Date: 2016-11-30
Browser-based Malware: Evolution and Prevention
Andrey Kovalev 🗣 | Evgeny Sidorov 🗣

Abstract (click to view)

Nowadays web technologies allow users to make a lot of their work online. Cloud services, social networks, online games etc. are gaining more and more popularity and are replaicing desktop applications and offline stuff. Web-browsers also offer special opportunities, that can be increased by the use of different extensions and plugins. This fact made web-browsers an extremely attractive target for cybercriminals and they found new ways of how to implement browser-based attacks, spread malware and get maximum benefits from the infection campaigns.

The story of browser based malware has begun from so called “Man-in-the-browser attacks” (MITB). The first mention of this technique was made in 2005 by Augusto Paes de Barros in his presentation “The future of backdoors – worst of all worlds”. Originally this approach was employed by popular banking trojans (Zeus, SpyEye etc.) to steal bank account credentials and to hijack transactions in e-banking systems. For using this approach malware patches browser’s processes to hijach data buffers before they will be sent through the network to web resource. After browser’s update cybercriminals have to reverse engineering changes and create update for malware. But now the world has changed and it’s much easier to develop basic browser’s extension, that injects javascript to every web page, that user surf. Such script could check URL in the browser tab and change behavior depending from it: in web search services it could insert additional advertising banners, in email services, it could insert additional text to user messages, in online banking it could make web-inject for hijacking transactions.

In the presentation we will cover new implementation and spreading techniques of “Man-in-the-browser” attack. We will highlight some interesting samples, their functions and monetization models, that we have found in the wild.

Slides Icon
Date: 2014-12-05
Botnets of *NIX Web Servers
Evgeny Sidorov 🗣 | Andrey Kovalev 🗣 | Konstantin Otrashkevich | Asya Posadskaya

Abstract (click to view)

In the last several years malware writers have clearly understood that getting access to web servers can bring more benefits than infecting users’ PCs. Nowadays there are millions of completely unprotected web-sites and web servers with different kinds of vulnerabilities, so it is easy for attackers to upload web shells and even get access to these web servers with root privileges. All these circumstances certainly made botnets of infected servers and web sites a modern trend in malware development.

We researched and disclosed the following malware families:

  • Darkleech
  • Trololo_mod
  • Ebury and Cdorked
  • Effusion
  • Mayhem
  • Mindupper shells

Scroll to Top